The blood consists of different components: including the plasma, platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells.
- The plasma is a clear, straw colored liquid and is the largest part of the blood. The main role of plasma is to take nutrients, hormones, and proteins to the parts of the body that need it.
- Platelets (or thrombocytes) are tiny blood cells that help your body form clots to stop bleeding. They also contain cytokines and growth factors (that are proteins which aid in repair and healing).
- Red blood cells (or erythrocytes) are biconcave cells that transport oxygen on the hemoglobin.
- White blood cells (or leukocytes) find and remove bacteria, viruses and other pathogens from the body.
We start off by collecting a small amount of the patient’s blood. This is then spun in a centrifuge in order to separate the blood into two components. The the top layer contains the plasma and the platelets. This “platelet rich plasma” is then reinjected into the joint (in order to reduce inflammation, provide cushioning and accelerate healing).